What i recommend before speaking to screen printers is to read this, best thing to do i identify what kind of technique your looking for and ask the screenprinter to quote that out. Time is saved by getting exactly what you want. i numbered a bunch of techniques and industry lingo for you and your printer If he isnt familiar with them, SCARY. but anyway you'll sound like a PRO when you talk. Best of luck. Call me or email me when you need help :)
1. Basic plastisol – the easiest of the TOP 25 techniques
2. Soft hand plastisol – we have to play with the ink to soften It up
we add a soft hand base to it, its not cheap but well worth it.
3. Water base inks color will vary from garment to garment
very inconsistent – the ink drys fast and a pain to work with in hot climates and is softer than softhand plastisol but not as vibrant.
4. Discharge waterbase inks – Ed Hardy , Afflcition , TAPOUT use Discharge inks
they are hot soft , vibrant and a great hand feel also a challenging techniques to master.
5. Foils – its 2 step process
the printer has to lay down a lot of adhesive for the foil to stick well to the garment., your misprint per piece will go up depending on your printer you use.
7. Heat transfers -
A transfer is an image that has been put on a release paper for application with a heat press. Most transfers are printed backwards so it is right-reading when applied to the shirt. There are many different types of transfers. Transfers can be screen printed that can get be applied to cotton, polyester and cotton/poly blends of any color. This includes t-shirts, sweatshirts, shorts and caps. You can apply a transfer in white ink to a red shirt in just 4 seconds and it will look great.
If you would like to print nylon, lycra and performance apparel a digital transfer works for that. These are also easy to apply. We will help you decide which product will work best for your order.
My opinion -- a piece of paper that can be outputted through your ink jet printer or laser printer and feels like paper on a shirts looks good, but after several washes it will start to peel off not a good start. You also need a Heat press to apply the image, big $$$$
What is a Heat Press?
A heat press is a piece of equipment with time, temperature and pressure control that allows you to press screen printed transfers in a couple of seconds. If you want a full color look go with a sublimation print
8. Sublimation – is like an oversize heat transfer but with a different kind of paper much softer and a little duler, but still a fantastic look. It goes all over the crease and seams. Each garment is almost custom. The images never lay the exact way on each shirt, Still beautiful and best used on White , colors like beige, yellow, black , or navy the image will have no life, though if your looking for a vintage look , this could have some appeal. Remember to achieve a vintage look use a dark garment.
9. High density – this technique provides a 3 dimentional look to the artwork it lifts off the shirts a little bit ref to in millimeters when referring how high you want the ink to go, this will save everyone alot of emails. trust me :P
10. Sugar crystals or cracked ice – like glitter ref to our crystalina chart comes in all different color perfect for ages 3 to 12 for girls
11 Glitters - refer to technique page
12 Gels – looks like plastic on a shirt, it can cover the whole design or specific spots lie the one below. usually cheap depending on the thickness or the ink.
13. HD films - used to achieve high density inks you will hear this term when talking about HD inks
14. Embroidery – its like stitching on a shirt you use thread to sewout you design there are 2 different kinds of threads polyester and rayon poly is stronger and holds better to the garment from my experience.
15. Puff embroidery – almost every sports team has puff embroidery in its when the logo comes off the hat a little, to show depth the price varies on the intracacies of the design.
16. Tackle twill – generally used on Baseball and basket ball jerseys it has a distinct cross stitch to achive the sew out.
17. Applique -can vary in its material, it can range from a cotton or nylon thats is usually stitched to an existing garment to embellsih the look and create mixed media.
18. MIXED MEDIA – killer term used in the industry when you combine an embroidery with a screen print and sublimationor any combination of multplie media types on one garment. doesnt have to be all 3, you can separate or mix match anything in order to call MM. use this bad boy term and the printers will know you have a background in the business.
I will explain the difficulty of working with these techniques and the costs associated with them aswell. Some of these arent cheap So be careful in you design process. A Saje